How to Grow and Care Dracaena Marginata

By: edm
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More commonly known as the dragon tree, Dracaena Marginata is an easy-care, evergreen houseplant that’s long been rising up the popularity ranks due to its largely indestructible nature. This, paired with the plants’ iconic red-tipped leaves, have earned its fearsome nickname, but there’s nothing to be scared of here for plant owners, even those who have often struggled with more delicate plant undertakings.

Dracaena Marginata has elegant, long leaves that fall away to reveal thin trunks. Mature plants can range between 15-20 ft tall and 3-10 ft wide, meaning that this is a popular option to provide height to a group of houseplants or to cut a striking figure as a singular potted addition. The bulbs, themselves, can be planted at any time, and Dracaena Marginata can thrive in even poorly lit conditions.

First hailing from Madagascar, it’s possible to see success with dragon trees out of doors in warm climates, with the pleasant addition of small white flowers during the spring. Equally, indoor Dracaena Marginata have been proven to remove airborne formaldehyde, meaning that they can quite literally bring a breath of fresh air to countless indoor areas.

How to grow Dracaena Marginata

As mentioned, their durability is part of what makes dragon trees so popular, but growing them still requires basic understanding of what you need/how you can help them to thrive.

Dracaena Marginata How to grow

Some basic growing considerations for your Dracaena Marginata include –

  • Soil – A loose, well-draining soil is best, specifically a loamy soil amended with peat moss which you should change if it becomes too compacted.
  • Potting – Pots should be a few inches larger than the root ball as dragon trees have extensive root systems that need room to grow. Though slow-growing, this plant will need repotting every few years for optimum health.
  • Light – As mentioned, Dracaena Marginata do just fine in low lighting, but optimum health can be achieved by exposing them to bright, indirect light.
  • Water – These plants are drought-proof, meaning that they can go extended periods without water, but also that owners should be careful not to overwater. Use distilled or non-fluoridated water to ensure the tips of your dragon tree don’t brown.

Is Dracaena Marginata toxic?

In large part, dragon trees are safe and have never been proven toxic to humans, birds, livestock, or horses.

Unfortunately, they can be incredibly toxic to dogs and cats, and ingestion can cause severe symptoms including vomiting, incoordination, lethargy, and weakness. You should seek veterinary help immediately if your pet displays any of these symptoms, and dragon trees should always be kept well out of reach if you have these pets at home.

Eden Horticultural can help

If you’re keen to dive into the joys of Dracaena Marginata, then we at Eden Horticultural can help. We’re on hand with a wealth of plant information, and can even help you to settle on the ideal plant solutions for your garden today. Simply contact us on 01245 901537 or 07968 449570.


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